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dc.contributor.authorZandberg, Hermanus Andries Jakobus
dc.descriptionThe Department of Electrical Engineering in fulfilment of the requirements for the Magister Technologiae in Electrical Engineering at the Cape Peninsula University of Technology November 2013en_US
dc.description.abstractPole mounted transformers (PMT) in rural areas present an opportunity for local utilities to do current monitoring on these systems. These transformers are exposed to abnormal amounts of stress due to the vast power demand in these areas. The aim of this study is to develop a more cost-effective condition monitoring system. Transformer current monitoring can be a dangerous practice if not done by suitably trained utility electricians. Hence this study is partly aimed at the elimination of hazardous working environments associated with manual electrical measurements. An investigation to determine a safe and cost-effective way to obtain the electrical measurements required from PMTs is undertaken. Although current measurements can be done with a current clamp-on meter, these measurements still take place at the phases of the transformer and are unsafe. The possibility of implementing wireless data gathering on current clamp-on meters is therefore investigated. This is made possible by a wireless sensor node (WSN) which gathers information and transmits it wirelessly to a WSN base station. This wireless solution is battery powered, necessitating battery replacements, therefore leading to the investigation of magnetic fields, magnetic materials and magnetic induction. A current clamp able to generate a high voltage (HV) output with minimal magnetic field strength is developed. The magnetic fields produced by the transformer’s phase cables are used to generate an alternating voltage. With the help of a microcontroller and an energy harvesting circuit, this voltage is converted and used to charge supercapacitors. The magnetic fields are also used to determine the current flow in the transformer phase cables when the device is not in energy harvesting mode. The device will then undergo comprehensive laboratory testing to determine its accuracy and durability, and is then used to do ‘real life’ current measurements, the results of which are compared against an off-the-shelf current monitoring device.en_US
dc.publisherCape Peninsula University of Technologyen
dc.subjectWireless communication systemsen_US
dc.subjectElectric transformersen_US
dc.subjectTransformers (Electrical equipment)en_US
dc.subjectDissertations, Academicen_US
dc.subjectTheses, dissertations, etc.en_US
dc.titleWireless transformer condition monitoring systemen_US

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