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Mechanical retention of acrylic teeth onto a pure nylon base
Van Der Poel, Nadine Olive
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A pure nylon denture base does not bond chemically to the acrylic teeth processed into the denture. A mechanical bond is created by boring retention holes (diatorics) into the tooth structure. Concerns are that this form of retention might be insufficient. The purpose of this study is, firstly, to compare the retention of acrylic denture teeth in pure nylon dentures with that of teeth in conventional acrylic denture bases (the acrylic test pieces serving as the control standard), and secondly, to explore whether the technique prescribed for creating diatorics in acrylic teeth for use with pure nylon denture bases potentially has a weakening effect on the acrylic tooth structure. Two sets of 26 identical anterior one-tooth test pieces were created. The first set, labelled N, comprises two different pure nylon denture base materials labelled N1 and N2 – all have diatorics in the acrylic teeth. The second set, labelled A, comprised the same acrylic denture base. The set labelled A1 is the control standard without diatorics in the acrylic teeth and the set labelled A2 has diatorics within the acrylic teeth. A compressive load was applied to these test pieces at an angle of 45 degrees on the palatal surface of the tooth until fracture occurred or maximum load was reached. Resulting data from the first part of the research was analysed by One-Way ANOVA analysis. Resulting data for the second part of the research was analysed via the Chi-square cross- tabulation method. The One-Way ANOVA test revealed that there is no statistical difference in the mean fracture or maximum load in Newton values between the two A (acrylic denture base) groups. There is also no statistical difference in the mean fracture or maximum load in Newton values between the two N (pure nylon denture base) groups. There is, however, a statistically significant difference in the mean fracture or maximum load in Newton values of Group A in comparison to Group N. The Chi-square cross-tabulation indicated that the A groups have very similar breakage patterns, and the N groups have similar breakage patterns respectively. It is concluded that the mechanical retention of acrylic denture teeth in pure nylon denture bases is weaker than the mechanical and chemical retention of acrylic denture teeth in acrylic denture bases. It is also concluded that when diatorics are created as prescribed within the tooth, these do not weaken the tooth structure.