The relation between independent learning and lecturing skills with reference to student achievement in economics
The study attempted to find the relation between independent learning and lecturing skills and their relative contribution to student achievement in Economics at technikons. South African tertiary educational institutions have been facing increasing student numbers which place enormous strain on available resources. To accommodate all students in the classroom is highly unlikely, therefore a logical and reasonable mode of learning would be a "self-regulating" or "autonomous" type. The literature survey concentrated on the nature and value of independent learning, while lecturing skills have been discussed on the basis of styles and effectiveness of lecturing and students' expectations thereof. The nature of Economics has been reflected upon on the basis of four key concepts, together with their implications for learning. A competency-based model of Economics has been suggested, with special emphasis on economic literacy. A questionnaire, based on the literature survey, covering the areas of independent learning, lecturing skills and the nature of Economics has been compiled and completed by 645 technikon students. A factor analysis has identified three factors, namely an independent learning ability, lecturing skills and the nature of Economics. High reliability coefficients were obtained for each of the three factors.