|The Cape Peninsula University of Technology (CPUT) Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETD) repository holds full-text theses and dissertations submitted for higher degrees at the University (including submissions from former Cape Technikon and Peninsula Technikon).|
Green synthesis, characterization and applications of cdse based core-shell quantum dots and silver nanocomposites
Researchers around the world are now focusing on inculcating green chemistry principles in all level of research especially in nanotechnology to make these processes environmental friendly. Nanoparticles synthesized using green chemistry principles has several advantages such as simplicity, cost effectiveness, compatibility for biomedical and pharmaceutical applications and large scale production for commercial purpose. Based on this background, this thesis present the design, synthesis, characterization and applications of various CdSe based core-shell and core-multi shell quantum dots (QDs), quantum dots-polymer nanocomposites, silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) and silver nanocomposites via completely green methods. Various QDs like CdSe/CdS/ZnS and CdSe/ZnS, and there polymer nanocomposites were successfully synthesized and characterized. The high quality of the as-synthesized nanoparticles was confirmed using absorption and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Raman spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and high resolution TEM (HRTEM). Detailed optical and morphological characterization showed that the CdSe/CdS/ZnS core-multi shell QDs were small, monodispersed with high fluorescent intensity and narrow emission width. The CdSe/CdS/ZnS core multi-shell QDs were dispersed in epoxy polymer matrix to obtain fluorescent epoxy nanocomposite. The brillouin spectroscopy analysis revealed that the presence of QDs inside polymer composite reduces the acoustic frequency of the polymer. Highly fluorescent CdSe/ZnS core-shell QDs was also synthesized and dispersed in PMMA polymer matrix to prepare bright yellow emitting nanocomposite film. The as-synthesized QDs also undergone surface exchange to convert the organically soluble nanomaterial to water soluble. After the ligand exchange, the morphology and above all the fluorescence property of the quantum dots remained intact. In another approach, HDA-capped CdSe nanoparticles were synthesized in the absence of an inert gas followed by dispersion in polymer polycaprolactone to produce orange light emitting electrospun polymer nanocomposite nanofibre.