The production of hydrogen from the water gas shift reaction through the use of a palladium-silver membrane reactor
The Water Gas Shift (WGS) reaction describes the reaction between carbon monoxide and water vapour to produce carbon monoxide and hydrogen. This work describes the application of a Palladium-Silver (Pd-Ag)-based membrane film reactor, wherein the Pd-Ag film was supported by porous stainless steel (PSS), for the potential replacement of the current multi-stage WGS reaction. The objective of this work was to develop a better understanding of impediments which are relevant to the application of Pd-Ag membrane reactor for the WGSR. The long term behaviour (hydrogen permeability and selectivity) of Pd-Ag membrane under hydrogen exposure was studied, and the use of the Pd-Ag membrane reactor to produce hydrogen through the WGSR was also performed. A detailed literature review was conducted, based on the information gathered from literature. A Permeability and WGS reaction testing stations was designed and built. A thin (20μm) 77%wtPd-23%wtAg film was purchased from Takanaka Company in Japan. The membrane film was enclosed between two stainless steel plates to form a membrane reactor. The membrane reactor was fitted at the two different testing stations.