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dc.contributor.advisorAziz, M
dc.contributor.authorShames, Elhashmi Adel
dc.descriptionThesis (MTech (Chemical Engineering))--Cape Peninsula University of Technology, 2012.en_US
dc.description.abstractRecently much research and development has been done into the creation of desalination systems in South Africa, with particular emphasis on the commercialisation of desalination plants that serve local communities. This has been successful - there are currently plants running at Bitlerfontien, Bushmans River Mouth and Robben Island - although membrane fouling and scaling remains a problem associated with membrane desalination, as it does worldwide The aim of this study was to Investigate the performance of different type of antiscalants on artificially scaled membranes which we prepared inside the lab as well as on scaled membranes which were used in pilot plant. We used two type of anti-sealants in our research: Vitec 3000 and Zinc ions. The effects of these anti-sealants on the membrane were determind and the RO performances of the treated and untreated membrane compared. A suitable autopsy procedure was established and was then used to autopsy the XLE 4040 membranes. The autopsied membranes were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and optical microscopy (OM). The SEM and OM results clearly showed that scaling had taken place: deposits were observed for both the shell and core samples, which were not present in the images of the untreated membrane, especially when looking at high SEM images magnification. Results also showed that the anti-sealants reduced the fouling and scaling on the membrane surface. As a result, the membrane rejection improved. Rejection and flux results indicated that commercial anti-sealant was more effective in preventing scaling than the Zinc ions. For Vitec anti-sealant case, the flux was in steady state at 36.8 Imh (5% less) after 5 hours compared to around 35 Imh (8% less) for zinc ions case. In addition; SEM images showed that less deposited particles are formed when the membrane was treated with commercial anti-sealant.en_US
dc.publisherCape Peninsula University of Technologyen_US
dc.subjectReverse osmosis -- Desalinizationen_US
dc.subjectSaline water conversion -- Reverse osmosis processen_US
dc.subjectMembrane processesen_US
dc.subjectMembrane (Technology)en_US
dc.subjectMembrane separationen_US
dc.subjectScanning Electron Microscopy (SEM)en_US
dc.subjectOptical Microscopyen_US
dc.titleAn investigation into the effect of different types of antiscalant on desalination reverse osmosis (Ro) membrane fluxen_US

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